Pander

From our new word source, Vocabulary for College I by Paul B. Diederich and Sydell Terris Carlton, 1965.
The previous owner of the workbook composed his use-this-word-in-a-sentence assignment this way: “The magazine pandered to the lowest tastes.

Pander
VERB
To supply material or opportunity for vices, or to act as a go-between in love intrigues. The scandal sheet pandered to the low taste of its subscribers.

The Free Dictionary Online: Pander
1. To act as a go-between or liaison in sexual intrigues; function as a procurer.
2. To cater to the lower tastes and desires of others or exploit their weaknesses: “He refused to pander to nostalgia and escapism” (New York Times).

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Enriched vs. Fortified

Back in the day, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in America determined that since the populace was eating so much processed carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, cereals that those companies who produced these items must begin to add nutrients to them. There are two types of this process: enrich and fortify.

Determining the difference between these two terms isn’t always easy. The Academy of Nutrition and Diatetics explains it this way: “Both terms mean that nutrients have been added to make the food more nutritious. Enriched means nutrients that were lost during food processing have been added back. An example is adding back certain vitamins lost in processing wheat to make white flour. Fortified means vitamins or minerals have been added to a food that weren’t originally in the food. An example is adding vitamin D to milk.

Dictionaries have trouble with these terms.  Enrich and fortify are both VERBS, but enriched and fortified are ADJECTIVES as in fortified juice and enriched bread.

“To enrich is defined as to improve something or make something better.

When you go to college and learn a lot of new facts and information, this is an example of a situation where you enrich your mind.
When you add extra vitamins to orange juice, this is an example of a time when you enrich the juice with vitamins.
When your uncle leaves you $500, this is an example of a time when you enrich your available cash.”
YourDictionary definition and usage example. Copyright © 2013 by LoveToKnow Corp.

Fortify is defined as follows by Merriam-Webster.com:

: to make strong: as
a : to strengthen and secure (as a town) by forts or batteries
b : to give physical strength, courage, or endurance to <fortified by a hearty meal>
c : to add mental or moral strength to : encourage <fortified by prayer>
d : to add material to for strengthening or enriching <fortified milk>
Merriam-Webster.com

Invoke vs. Evoke

Invoke–“The definition of invoke is to call on someone or something to help or inspire you. An example of invoke is trying to contact someone who died.

To invoke is defined as to emotionally ask for something. An example of to invoke is a charity group asking for money.

Invoke means to put something to use. An example of to invoke is to use city code to argue a disagreement with a policeman.”  VERB

YourDictionary definition and usage example. Copyright © 2013 by LoveToKnow Corp.

Evoke–“The definition of evoke is to call forth, or imagine. An example of evoke is your wedding song bringing back memories of your wedding reception.”  VERB

YourDictionary definition and usage example. Copyright © 2013 by LoveToKnow Corp.

Discriminate, Implore, Debacle

Discriminate is defined as to recognize or see the difference between two or more people or things. An example of discriminate is a dress maker seeing the height difference between two bridesmaids and making adjustments accordingly. The definition of discriminate is to show partiality or prejudice based on a general category not on individual merit. An example of discriminate is to refuse to rent an apartment to a black man because he is black.” VERB–Your Dictionary.com

——————-

“The definition of implore is to beg or plead. An example of implore is when you beg and plead for a loaf of bread when you are hungry.” VERB–Your Dictionary.com

to ask or beg earnestly for; beseech
to ask or beg (a person) to do something; entreat TRANSITIVE VERB–Your Dictionary.com/Webster’s New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

——————-

“The definition of a debacle is a sudden downfall or a total failure. An example of a debacle is a poorly run political campaign that ends in overwhelming defeat.” NOUN–Your Dictionary.com

Admonish

If in school you were less than verbose in your paper writing, your teacher might have admonished you to grow your vocabulary. She would have explained to you that as you get older, you will need more words to name and describe things you wish to write about. She would have been kind and likely would have given you pointers on how to  go about such an endeavor. She never would have raised her voice or chastised you about your lack of words. To admonish someone is to encourage them to do something better.

Admonished defined: 1 a : to indicate duties or obligations to b : to express warning or disapproval to especially in a gentle, earnest, or solicitous manner 2 : to give friendly earnest advice or encouragement to--Merriam-Webster.com

Dovetail

(c)K.R. Sprague, 2013
Collecting words means carrying a notebook and pen/pencil. I prefer the pencil since erasures equal saved space; mark-outs take up space.

I’m a fan of Homicide Hunter: Lt. Joe Kenda. But I was a fan the first season! At any rate, it being a true crime/police investigational series it affords numerous opportunities to pick up good vocabulary words. Even if the words aren’t that complex. (I was going to say not that “highbrowed,” but that implies the Lt. and the show are unsophisticated and that’s not the case. Large vocabularies require special attention to usage. With great power comes great responsibility!)

In last night’s episode, Lt. Kenda described a suspect’s statement as “dovetailing” with the known facts of the case. It’s a very descriptive term, illustrating the degree and the quality of the congruity of the statement with the known facts. It brings to mind a precise fit.

Dovetail defined: TRANSITIVE VERB

to join or fasten together by means of dovetails; to piece together (facts, etc.) so as to make a logically connected whole

INTRANSITIVE VERB

to fit together closely or logically–Your Dictionary.com/Webster’s New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.  Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

 

Permeate

Permeate defined:  TRANSITIVE VERB

1. to pass into or through every part of: sunshine permeating the room.
2. to penetrate through the pores, interstices, etc., of.
3. to be diffused through; pervade: Bias permeated the report.

–The Free Dictionary.com/Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Deplete

Another boon at Half Price Books. I found Merriam-Webster’s Vocabulary Builder for under three bucks! This book gives me another tool to explain the words I share.

Deplete explained: “To reduce in amount by using up.

The de– prefix often means ‘do the opposite of,’ so deplete means the opposite of ‘fill.’ It can mean merely a lessening in amount; thus, food supplies can be rapidly depleted by hungry teenagers in the house. However, deplete usually suggests a reduction that endangers the ability to function. Desertions can deplete an army; layoffs can deplete an office staff; and too much exercise without rest can deplete a body’s strength.”

–Merriam-Webster’s Vocabulary Builder, 1998

Commingle

Commingling among the extra free words today is a blog post explaining why each word begins with the same letter.

Commingle defined:  To become blended. To cause to blend together; mix. VERB–The Free Dictionary.com/The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Commiserate

We all can commiserate with other bloggers who–due to external forces–get bogged down and, therefore, can’t post as frequently as per their usual for a few days…maybe a week, but no more than that! Honestly, it was out of my control.

Commiserate defined:  VERB  to express or have sympathy. An example of to commiserate is to have compassion for a person going through a divorce. —Your Dictionary.com

Synonyms: assuage, relieve, quiet

Assuage defined:  to make better or lessen; fulfill the needs of; to pacify  VERB —Your Dictionary.com

Some definitions equate assuage with the ministering of a nurse.   Assuage would best describe a caring act.  The kindness accompanied by the relieving or the quieting of a problem.  So to relieve someone or to quiet their ills is to assuage them.

Relieve and quiet used this way bring to mind the tender attentions of a parent, perhaps.  As synonyms of assuage, they seem to convey the kindness and caring of that word as opposed to a word that means simply to stop; stopping the pain is not to assuage the pain.

Relieve defined:  to reduce or remove (something, such as pain or an unpleasant feeling) : to make (a problem) less serious  VERB–Merriam-Webster.com

Quiet defined:

14. to make quiet.
15. to make tranquil or peaceful; pacify.
16. to calm mentally, as a person.
17. to allay (tumult, doubt, fear, etc.).
18. to silence.

Opine

Defined:  To opine is to share your thoughts or opinion. When you share your thoughts on an issue, this is an example of a time when you opine. VERB

Your Dictionary.com

to hold or express (an opinion); think; suppose: now usually said, with satirical or judgmental force, of a speaker regarded as pedantic, pompous, etc.  TRANSITIVE/INTRANSITIVE VERB

Your Dictionary.com (Webster’s New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio.  Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)

Sublimate

Defined:  1. to divert the energy of (a sexual or other biological impulse) from its immediate goal to one of a more acceptable social, moral, or aesthetic nature or use.  2. a. to sublime (a solid substance); extract by this process.  b. to refine or purify (a substance).  3. to make nobler or purer.  TRANSITIVE VERB

The Free Dictionary.com (Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.)