Enriched vs. Fortified

Back in the day, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in America determined that since the populace was eating so much processed carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, cereals that those companies who produced these items must begin to add nutrients to them. There are two types of this process: enrich and fortify.

Determining the difference between these two terms isn’t always easy. The Academy of Nutrition and Diatetics explains it this way: “Both terms mean that nutrients have been added to make the food more nutritious. Enriched means nutrients that were lost during food processing have been added back. An example is adding back certain vitamins lost in processing wheat to make white flour. Fortified means vitamins or minerals have been added to a food that weren’t originally in the food. An example is adding vitamin D to milk.

Dictionaries have trouble with these terms.  Enrich and fortify are both VERBS, but enriched and fortified are ADJECTIVES as in fortified juice and enriched bread.

“To enrich is defined as to improve something or make something better.

When you go to college and learn a lot of new facts and information, this is an example of a situation where you enrich your mind.
When you add extra vitamins to orange juice, this is an example of a time when you enrich the juice with vitamins.
When your uncle leaves you $500, this is an example of a time when you enrich your available cash.”
YourDictionary definition and usage example. Copyright © 2013 by LoveToKnow Corp.

Fortify is defined as follows by Merriam-Webster.com:

: to make strong: as
a : to strengthen and secure (as a town) by forts or batteries
b : to give physical strength, courage, or endurance to <fortified by a hearty meal>
c : to add mental or moral strength to : encourage <fortified by prayer>
d : to add material to for strengthening or enriching <fortified milk>


Ordnance vs. Ordinance

As explosive as they might seem, ordinances are not weapons by which to cause physical damage. They are decreesboom or laws made to bring the populace under a suitable form of conformity. Ordnance on the other hand are indeed intended to cause explosive results.

Ordnance defined: 1a : military supplies including weapons, ammunition, combat vehicles, and maintenance tools and equipment b : a service of the army charged with the procuring, distributing, and safekeeping of ordnance 2: cannon, artillery–Merriam-Webster.com

Ordinance defined: 1a : an authoritative decree or direction : order b : a law set forth by a governmental authority; specifically : a municipal regulation 2: something ordained or decreed by fate or a deity 3: a prescribed usage, practice, or ceremony–Merriam-Webster.com

Invoke vs. Evoke

Invoke–“The definition of invoke is to call on someone or something to help or inspire you. An example of invoke is trying to contact someone who died.

To invoke is defined as to emotionally ask for something. An example of to invoke is a charity group asking for money.

Invoke means to put something to use. An example of to invoke is to use city code to argue a disagreement with a policeman.”  VERB

YourDictionary definition and usage example. Copyright © 2013 by LoveToKnow Corp.

Evoke–“The definition of evoke is to call forth, or imagine. An example of evoke is your wedding song bringing back memories of your wedding reception.”  VERB

YourDictionary definition and usage example. Copyright © 2013 by LoveToKnow Corp.


If in school you were less than verbose in your paper writing, your teacher might have admonished you to grow your vocabulary. She would have explained to you that as you get older, you will need more words to name and describe things you wish to write about. She would have been kind and likely would have given you pointers on how to  go about such an endeavor. She never would have raised her voice or chastised you about your lack of words. To admonish someone is to encourage them to do something better.

Admonished defined: 1 a : to indicate duties or obligations to b : to express warning or disapproval to especially in a gentle, earnest, or solicitous manner 2 : to give friendly earnest advice or encouragement to--Merriam-Webster.com


One doesn’t always remember where or when a vocabulary word creeps into one’s lexicon, but that event is indeed an auspicious occasion.

Auspicious defined: ADJECTIVE

1. promising success; propitious; opportune; favorable: an auspicious occasion.
2. favored by fortune; prosperous; fortunate.
The Free Dictionary.com/Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.